Himalayas is a Sanskrit word which means “Abode of Snow”. It is a vast mountain range in Asia Which is from Pakistan, India, Bhutan, Nepal, and China.
The highest mountain of the world Mt. Everest (8,848 meters) located in the Himalayas and most of the peaks present there exceed 7,200 meters altitude.
Some of the famous peaks aren’t Mt. Kailash (6,638 m), Mt. Kanchenjunga (8,586 m) (Third Highest Mountain of the World), Mt. Annapurna (8,091 m) and Nanga Parbat (8,126 m).
India has the greatest share of Himalayas (2,400 km)
- Jammu and Kashmir
Himalayas in Nepal (800 km)
- Himalayas occupy 75% part of Nepal.
Highest mountain – Mt. Everest, including 8 peaks above the altitude of 8,000 m lies in this country.
The Himalayas have highly diverse people living there with different religions and different languages.
There is Hinduism in the South ranges of Eastern Himalayas, Islam is popular in the West, and Buddhism is practiced in the Northern ranges of Western Himalayas.
Languages spoken there Urdu/Hindi/Nepali/Tibetan/Chinese which are very different from each other.
In the Himalaya, there are many holy and sacred places that are connected to Mythology And play a great role in the lives of people and their beliefs.
Different people in the Himalay have different languages, clothes, culture, tradition, and beliefs. It is a great place to find diversity.
Many places of Himalayas are of Religious importance in these religions- Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism.
Himalayas are Highly Rich in Flora and Fauna
The Himalayas being the unique chain of mountains are very popular and known by everyone, people often visit different parts of Himalayas because the charm of this place is good and attracts people of different areas to explore the original beauty which is God gifted.
The Himalayas have a variety of Flora and Fauna which has always been the attraction of this place, it is a nature lover’s heaven with enjoyable sceneries.
There are rich forests of Pine, Deodar, Spruce, Silver Fir, Conifers and Blue Pine Which are found in the Western region but the Eastern region has Maples, Oaks, Alder, Birch, and Willows.
It’s home to numerous animals of different species.
It consists of Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks for the protection of wildlife and for the people who want to experience the highly rich Flora and Fauna of this place.
It divided into three parts:
- Great Himalayas – These are the highest mountain range, the mountains present here are of average
- and the peaks more than
- are situated here.
Lesser Himalayas – These are on the south of Hidari, their average height is more than 3000 m.
Outer Himalayas – These are the ranges present on the south of the Lesser Himalayas, 1200 m is the average height.
Glaciers and Lakes
After Antarctica and Arctic, the Himalayas are the third-largest deposit of Snow and Ice in the whole world. Here are about 15,000 glaciers which store ample of water that’s fresh.
There is a large list of Indian glaciers some of them are
- Gangotri and Yamunotri
We have hundreds of Lakes, some of the sacred and worshiped by the people. Most of the Lakes which are present at high altitude are glaciated.
Some Himalayan Lakes are –
Why Trekking in the Himalayas?
Variety of Treks
It includes a different kind of mountain ranges from high altitude to low altitude, which offers the best treks in the sanity of mountains.
The people who are looking for low altitude treks and the ones looking for high altitude treks can easily find their perfect trek here.
Rich in Variety
Himalayas are the mountains with a charm of things, the people who are nature lovers and want to explore the highly rich flora and rare species of animals, then there can be no better place than these great hills,
it is one of the richest places for Flora and Fauna, it can be found in plenty here.
Some parts of the Himalayas populated and some of them not at all, only a few villages found at high altitude and it is very unusual to see that the people have adapted themselves according to the environment, living there can be the most beautiful thing or can be very harsh.
Still, you can see the smiling faces of villagers satisfied in whatever they have and accept every condition in which they have to live.
Explore the Cultural Diversity
The cultural diversity of these places can explored there can be nothing great than knowing new people and exploring their culture.
Also, the traditions, beliefs, dresses, and food everything is different, so if you plan to trek the Himalayas you get a chance to know the Himalayan life of people.
The Change in Views
The changing views are one of the reasons to go trekking in the Himalayas because as the altitude gained, the views start getting clearer and better,
the views are very excellent away from city life and the climate is soothing, people also go there for peace of their mind.
Himalaya a Popular Trekking Destination
Trekking has enhanced, it’s no more only rugged and rough.
The techniques and equipment advanced. Improved methods have increased the scope of Trekking and it has become easier as compared before.
“Himalayas ” a popular trekking stop and many loving people want to traverse them, they attract people across the globe.
Written by – Tulika Negi